This is one of the proposals of the Citizens’ Convention retained “without filter” by Emmanuel Macron. Problem, the bill providing to include in Article 1 of the Constitution that France “guarantees the preservation of the environment and biological diversity and fight against climate change” was welcomed by a critical opinion of the Council of state.
Because the use of the verb “to guarantee” would impose a “quasi-obligation of result”, considers this one, suggesting the term “to preserve”, as the replacement of “to fight” by “to act”. What if this warning provided the key for the two Chambers to adopt the text in identical terms, a necessary step to submit it to a referendum? It is in any case an analysis in vogue in the Senate.
Because this verb “guarantee” makes Gérard Larcher tick. “Be careful, climate law is very important but it is not superior to the freedom to undertake, to equality between men and women …”, confides the President LR of the Senate, in a small committee. However, the vote of the Upper House, mainly on the right, is essential for the executive to be able to carry out its project. If, according to his entourage, Larcher “does not yet have a preferred verb”, he considers that “the proposal of the Council of State is good”.
“And so, if we change by following the recommendations of the Council of State, the bill can come back to us in the same terms of the National Assembly”, phosphorus from the same source.
It remains to be seen whether the deputies will hear it that way. “The senatorial right should not be hiding behind the debate on the terms to mask its opposition”, tackles a Walker. A ministerial adviser observed, however, that deputies “are ready to be open in order to be able to go through with this democratic experiment”. In what proportions? It is too early to tell.
“If we want to be up to the challenges, we must put the protection of the environment and the climate at the heart of our Constitution in the most ambitious terms”, insists for his part the LREM rapporteur of the text at the Assembly, Pieyre-Alexandre Anglade. The debate is, in short, far from being closed.
Original article by : www.leparisien.fr