A “dark turning point”. In a statement, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi lamented that the number of refugees and internally displaced people in the world exceeded the 80 million mark in mid-2020, or 1% of the population. global.
A record, in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the UN, estimating that the situation would worsen if “the leaders of the world do not stop the wars. “A first call had already been launched in June
“The international community is failing to preserve the peace,” added Filippo Grandi, stressing that forced displacement had doubled in the past decade.
The consequence of conflicts and Covid-19
According to the UN, 45.7 million internally displaced people, 29.6 million refugees and other forcibly displaced out of their country, and 4.2 million asylum seekers.
“The existing conflicts as well as the new coronavirus have had dramatic consequences on their lives in 2020”, continues the UNHCR. Despite the urgent call launched in March by the Secretary General of the United Nations for a global ceasefire during the pandemic, conflicts and persecution continue, deplores the UN agency.
And the list is long: Syria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Somalia, Yemen … Significant new displacements have also been recorded in the central Sahel region in Africa, where civilians are subjected to brutal violence, including rape and executions, according to UNHCR.
The report also points out that some of the measures taken to curb the spread of Covid-19 have made it more difficult for refugees to access safety. At the height of the first wave of the pandemic in April, 168 countries had totally or partially closed their borders, 90 countries making no exceptions for asylum seekers.
However, since then with the support and expertise of UNHCR, 111 countries have found solutions to ensure that their asylum systems are fully or partially operational while ensuring that the necessary measures are taken to curb the spread of the virus.
Original article by : www.leparisien.fr