Viktor Orban will appreciate… or not. The European Commission announced on Friday that it had opened infringement proceedings against Hungary for “incorrect application of EU asylum law”. Brussels considered that new asylum procedures adopted in Hungary in response to the Covid-19 pandemic “are contrary to Union law”.
According to these new procedures introduced in May, “before they can apply for international protection in Hungary, third-country nationals must first make a declaration of intent in which they affirm their willingness to seek asylum at an embassy. Hungarian outside the EU and to be issued a special entry permit for this purpose, ”the Commission said in a statement.
The European executive “considers that this provision constitutes an illegal restriction on access to the asylum procedure”, in particular because “it prevents people in Hungarian territory, including at the border, from requesting a international protection ”. Concretely, in Hungary, it is currently no longer possible to apply for asylum for a migrant.
According to the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, a human rights NGO, the infringement procedure announced on Friday is the fifth against Hungary on the subject of the right to asylum since 2015. This NGO had already denounced in May the new Hungarian asylum regulations, seeing them as a “heinous violation” of European law.
Closure of “transit camps”
The history of the latest tensions between the EU and Hungary dates back to last May when Budapest was condemned by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) for systematic detention since 2017, in two “transit camps” in its southern border, people seeking international protection. This decision is then qualified as “aggression of Brussels” by Viktor Orban who nevertheless agreed to close these controversial transit camps and had about 300 asylum seekers transferred to reception centers open inside the country. Conservative and anti-migrant Prime Minister Viktor Orban has then further tightened in recent weeks his migration policy, which was already among the strictest in Europe.
Brussels has so far sent a letter of formal notice to Hungary. Budapest has two months to respond to the arguments raised by the Commission. Otherwise, the latter may send it a reasoned opinion, that is to say a formal request to comply with Union law. If the response remains unsatisfactory, Brussels could subsequently decide to refer the matter to the Court of Justice of the European Union. In the meantime there are hardly any asylum seekers in Hungary.
Original article by : www.leparisien.fr